A new study shows that ruminating on negative thoughts and listening to sad music in a group can cause depression.
The study found that listening to inspiring music in a group and engaging in discussions about music and life is a more positive interaction that makes people feel good.(Shutterstock)
You may want to avoid listening to sad music when with friends and discussing things that pull you down. A recent study says doing this in a group can make you depressed.
The researchers wanted to investigate the self-reported effects on mood that comes with listening to sad music in group settings, and how mood is influenced by rumination (a maladaptive focus on negative thoughts), depression and coping style.
To do so, they recruited 697 participants who completed an online survey about “their ways of using music, types of musical engagement and the effect of music listening.”
The participants also completed a number of additional questionnaires, which helped the researchers determine factors such as: the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress; general tendencies towards depression; coping styles, i.e. tendencies towards rumination or reflection (i.e. healthier tendencies to self-reflection); musical engagement as a measurement of well-being; as well as questionnaires addressing a variety of aspects of music listening, both alone and in a group.
The results reveal two distinct behavioural patterns related to group music listening:
* Listening to sad music and talking about sad things tended to make people feel more depressed. This kind of group rumination was more common in younger people, and likely reflects relative importance of both music and social relationships to younger people.
* Listening to inspiring music in a group and engaging in discussions about music and life is a more positive interaction that makes people feel good.
These results provide some clues as to how people with depression use music, and why. “Behaviours relating to music use fall into distinct patterns, reflecting either healthy or unhealthy thought processes,” said corresponding author Sandra Garrido from Western Sydney University. “These results reveal important information about how people with depression use music.”
The results show how music can facilitate the sharing of negative emotions, and show that the outcome is related to the coping styles and thinking patterns used in each setting, meaning that people with generally maladaptive coping styles are more likely to experience negative outcomes from group rumination of music.
The results also show that young people may be especially vulnerable to the impacts of group rumination with music. “While young people with tendencies to depression who are a part of social groups may be perceived as receiving valuable social support, our results here suggest that the positive impacts of such group interactions depend on the types of processes that are taking place in the group,” explained Garrido.
The results also show that young people may be especially vulnerable to the impacts of group rumination with music. (Shutterstock)
“Susceptible individuals with a predilection for rumination may be most likely to suffer negative outcomes from group rumination, with social feedback deepening and exacerbating negative thoughts and feelings. However, group interactions that provide social support or opportunities for processing of emotions in a constructive way have a much higher likelihood of being positive.”
These findings partially help clarifying under what conditions social interaction around music provide social benefits, and when it might instead amplify negative emotions. This opens up for further research to create a more detailed picture of how group interaction dynamics influence the outcome.
The study is published in Frontiers in Psychology.