A Tanzanian government official said on Friday that the east African nation needed 500 million US dollars annually to adapt and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
Freddy Manyika, a senior environmental officer from the Vice-President’s Office, said the total amount of financial resources needed for implementation of identified climate change adaptation and mitigation projects was about 500 million US dollars a year to 1 billion US dollars.
“These costs are likely to increase further depending on global mitigation efforts. Estimated costs are up to 60 billion US dollars by 2030 in mitigation investments in Tanzania,” said Manyika.
He told a consultative workshop held in the coastal city of Tanga that Tanzania needed about 150 million US dollars as an initial estimate for immediate and start-up financing needs for enhancing adaptive capacity.
Manyika said the implementation of the identified climate change adaptation and mitigation projects would strongly depend on how the international community met its commitments in terms of financial and technological support.
Although Tanzania has negligible emissions of greenhouse gases, he said, climate change projections in Tanzania indicated a consistent change in the climate variables, including warming up from 0.5 degrees Centigrade in 2025 up to around 4 degrees Centigrade in 2100, with more warming over the South Western part of the country.
Manyika said mean seasonal rainfall was projected to decrease consistently and progressively for the most parts of the country, but more significantly over the North-eastern highlands, where rainfall was projected to decrease by 12 percent in 2100.
He said in the last 40 years Tanzania has experienced severe and recurring droughts with devastating effects to agriculture, water and energy sectors, adding that more than 70 percent of natural disasters in Tanzania were climate related and were linked to recurrent droughts and floods.
Manyika said Tanzania will embark on a climate resilient development pathway and in doing so the adaptation contributions would reduce climate related disasters by up to 70 percent, reports AFP, Dar Es Salaam, Xinhua.