Dhaka leads S Asia in gender equity ranking 72; India 87

Dhaka leads S Asia in gender equity ranking 72; India 87


Bangladesh has top-ranked in gender equity in South Asia having closed its overall gender gap just under 70 percent.Bangladesh has ranked 72 among 144 countries in the world in the Global Gender Gap Index 2016 prepared by World Economic Forum.India, which stands 87 in the index, follows Bangladesh having closed just under 68 percent of their overall gender gap.The lowest-ranked countries are Bhutan and Pakistan, having closed 64 percent and 56 percent of their overall gender gap, respectively.Bangladesh has become the region’s top performer, recording progress this year on the political empowerment gender gap.However, there is a widening of the gap on women’s labour force participation and estimated earned income.

It is followed by India, which reports progress this year on closing the gender gap with regard to wage equality and across all indicators of the Educational Attainment sub index, fully closing its primary and secondary education enrolment gender gaps.However, it also sees some regression on women’s estimated earned income and continues to rank third-lowest in the world on Health and Survival, remaining the world’s least-improved country on this sub-index over the past decade.With an average remaining gender gap of 33percent, the South Asia region is the second-lowest scoring on this year’s Global Gender Gap Index, ahead of the Middle East and North Africa and behind the Sub-Saharan Africa region.No country in the region has fully closed its Educational Attainment gender gap, and only one country, Sri Lanka, has fully closed its Health and Survival gender gap.However, the region is also home to one of the top five climbers over the past decade on the overall Index and on Educational Attainment: Nepal.Of the seven countries from the region included in the Index this year, two countries have increased their overall score compared to last year, while five have seen it decreasing.The next-ranked countries are Sri Lanka (100)—which has widened its Economic Participation and Opportunity gender gap, particularly with regard to women’s labour force participation, estimated earned income and wage equality, despite a small increase in female parliamentarians.Nepal (110), which retains last year’s ranking, with small improvements on the Political Empowerment sub-index, as well as on literacy and wage equality.The Maldives (115) reopens its gender gap in primary education enrolment and shows a small increase in women’s estimated earned income.Bhutan (121) sees a widening gender gap in female labour force participation, estimated earned income and wage equality, partly balanced out by an increase in the number of female professional and technical workers and a smaller gender gap in literacy.Its Heath and Survival and Political Empowerment scores remain the same as last year.Pakistan (143) remains the region’s lowest-ranked country and second-to-last ranked overall.It records progress on closing the secondary education enrolment gender gap, and on women’s estimated earned income, but this is partly offset by reversals on wage equality and female-to-male literacy ratios.The World Economic Forum hoped that this latest edition of the Report will serve as a call to action to governments to accelerate gender equality through bolder policymaking, to businesses to prioritise gender equality as a critical talent and moral imperative and to all to become deeply conscious of the choices we make every day that impact gender equality globally.It called upon every reader of the report to join these efforts.


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