World Tiger Day Wednesday

World Tiger Day Wednesday

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The World Tiger Day will be celebrated across the country on Wednesday, aiming to build awareness across the globe to save the remaining population of the majestic big cat from extinction.
The global population of tiger, which is also popularly known as Bengal Tiger, the national animal of Bangladesh, has declined to 3,200 from one lakh in just 100 years since 1900.
The outlook has become bleaker for the population of tiger in the Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans, a world heritage site and the world’s largest abode of tiger, as the population here is declining alarmingly, according to experts and officials.The Forest Department and different non-government organisatins have chalked out elaborate programmes in the capital as well as Satkhira, Bagerhat and Khulna districts to raise awareness among people for tiger conservation.
Meanwhile, a top official of the Forest Department on Monday told UNB that according to the Tiger Census 2015, which is yet to be published, the tiger population in Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans.
Experts observe that the loss of habitat, unchecked wildlife poaching, animal-human conflict in the forest and lack of management of forest are the main reasons behind the rapid fall in the tiger population.
Contacted, Forest conservator Dr Tapan Kumar Dey told UNB that more scientific method was used in the new census, which found only 106 big cats in the Sundarbans, and attributed its sharp fall in recent years to unchecked wildlife poaching.
Wildlife experts said the methodology applied in the new tiger census that used hidden cameras to count tigers is better rather than pug marks used in the past. The new census has, therefore, provided more accurate figure of the tiger.
According to the tiger census conducted by the government in 2004, the Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans was a home to 440 tigers.
Wildlife biologist Prof Dr Monirul H Khan said the 2004 census that used pug marks to count tigers was not actually reliable and scientific method. “So, it didn’t give the exact figure of Sundarbans tigers,” he said.
Khan further said, “But, there’s no doubt tiger population has declined in the Sundarbans in recent years due to rampant poaching of the big cats and for lack of proper forest management.”
Bangladesh-India Joint Tiger Census Project conducted the tiger census 2015 examining some 1,500 images and footprints of tigers taken from the Sundarbans through camera trapping and found the horribly low figure of tigers.
Earlier, the preliminary findings of the analysis of experts also feared that the new census will find less tigers in the Sundarbans than the previous ones.
Dr Tapan Kumar said there is no alternative to improvement of forest management to increase the tiger population in the Sundarbans in accordance with the declaration of ‘International Tiger Forum’ in St Petersburg (Russia) in November 2010.
Meanwhile, the International Tiger Forum in 2010 declared their collective political will to take all necessary actions to prevent the extinction of wild tigers and increasing global tiger population double by 2022.
The forum had taken the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) Implementation Plan, which is a significant step for the Tiger Conservation of the Tiger Range Countries, including Bangladesh
The second Stocktaking Conference of the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) was held in Dhaka during September 14-16 in 2014.- UNB

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